Las mejores fotos espaciales del 2015

por Ana Ávila

 En esta ocasión, traemos la edición del espacio. Mira algunas de las fotos espaciales que los editores seleccionaron como las más épicas del 2015. Desde el sobrevuelo a Plutón y las lunas de Saturno hasta increíbles capturas logradas desde la Estación Espacial Internacional. Si quieres verlas todas, puedes hacerlo aquí.

El Tifón Maysak, capturado desde la Estación Espacial Internacional en marzo.

Súper Luna desde Glastonbury, Inglaterra, en septiembre.

GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 27: The supermoon rises behind Glastonbury Tor on September 27, 2015 in Glastonbury, England. Tonight's supermoon, so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year, is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)

Plutón, capturado por New Horizons en octubre.

This high-resolution image captured by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft combines blue, red and infrared images taken by the Ralph/Multispectral Visual Imaging Camera (MVIC). Pluto’s surface shows a remarkable range of subtle colors, enhanced in this view to a rainbow of pale blues, yellows, oranges, and deep reds. The bright expanse is the western lobe of the “heart,” informally known as Tombaugh Regio. The lobe, informally called Sputnik Planum, has been found to be rich in nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane ices. Credit: NASA/JHUAPL/SwRI View Image Feature Last Updated: Oct. 15, 2015 Editor: Tricia Talbert

Luna de Sangre en Colorado Springs, capturada el 4 de abril.

COLORADO SPRINGS, CO - APRIL 04: Sky-watchers got a glimpse of the Blood Moon in the shortest eclipse of the century as it sets behind Pikes Peak April 4, 2015 in Colorado Springs. The top edge of the eclipsed moon should appear much brighter than the rest of the orb.(Photo By John Leyba/The Denver Post via Getty Images)

Duna de arena en Marte, fotografiada muy de cerca por Curiosity en diciembre.

Mandatory Credit: Photo by NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/REX Shutterstock (5491072a) (Detail) The rippled surface of the first Martian sand dune ever studied up close - image taken Nov. 27, 2015 NASA Mars Rover Curiosity reaches sand dunes - 11 Dec 2015 Images released today (11 December) show NASA's Curiosity Mars rover beginning an up-close investigation of dark sand dunes up to two stories tall. Pictured on Nov. 27, 2015, the dunes are on the rover's trek up the lower portion of a layered Martian mountain. The dunes close to Curiosity's current location are part of "Bagnold Dunes," a band along the northwestern flank of Mount Sharp inside Gale Crater. Observations of this dune field from orbit show that edges of individual dunes move as much as 3 feet (1 meter) per Earth year. The rover's planned investigations include scooping a sample of the dune material for analysis with laboratory instruments inside Curiosity. Curiosity has been working on Mars since early August 2012. It reached the base of Mount Sharp in 2014 after fruitfully investigating outcrops closer to its landing site and then trekking to the mountain. The main mission objective now is to examine successively higher layers of Mount Sharp.

Dione, satélite de Saturno, fotografiado por Cassini en agosto.

Un modelo 3D del terreno de Marte basado en las observaciones que demuestran un flujo de agua en la superficie del planeta.


Encélado y los anillos de Saturno.

Although Enceladus and Saturn's rings are largely made up of water ice, they show very different characteristics. The small ring particles are too tiny to retain internal heat and have no way to get warm, so they are frozen and geologically dead. Enceladus, on the other hand, is subject to forces that heat its interior to this very day. This results in its famous south polar water jets, which are just visible above the moon’s dark, southern limb, along with a sub-surface ocean. Recent work by Cassini scientists suggests that Enceladus (313 miles or 504 kilometers across) has a global ocean of liquid water under its surface. This discovery increases scientists' interest in Enceladus and the quest to understand the role of water in the development of life in the solar system. (For more on the sub-surface ocean, see this story.) This view looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings from about 0.3 degrees below the ring plane. The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on July 29, 2015. The view was acquired at a distance of approximately 630,000 miles (1.0 million kilometers) from Enceladus and at a Sun-Enceladus-spacecraft, or phase angle of 155 degrees. Image scale is 4 miles (6 kilometers) per pixel. The Cassini mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (the European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colorado.

Cometa 67P, fotografiado desde el orbitador Rosetta en noviembre.

Los “Pilares de la Creación” en la Nebulosa del Águila, vista en luz infrarroja. 

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has revisited one of its most iconic and popular images: the Eagle Nebula’s Pillars of Creation. This image shows the pillars as seen in infrared light, allowing it to pierce through obscuring dust and gas and unveil a more unfamiliar — but just as amazing — view of the pillars. In this ethereal view the entire frame is peppered with bright stars and baby stars are revealed being formed within the pillars themselves. The ghostly outlines of the pillars seem much more delicate, and are silhouetted against an eerie blue haze. Hubble also captured the pillars in visible light. ID: heic1501b Release date: January 5, 2015

Lunas de Saturno: Titán, Mimas y Rea


Una eyección de masa coronal solar, capturada en un periodo de tres horas en febrero.

Brief Outburst The Sun blew out a coronal mass ejection along with part of a solar filament over a three-hour period (Feb. 24, 2015). While some of the strands fell back into the Sun, a substantial part raced into space in a bright cloud of particles (as observed by the SOHO spacecraft). The activity was captured in a wavelength of extreme ultraviolet light. Because this occurred way over near the edge of the Sun, it was unlikely to have any effect on Earth.

Una fotografía fantasmal capturada desde la Estación Espacial Internacional. #Halloween #EarthArt Ghostly and dark but beautiful too. #YearInSpace


This NASA's photo of Pluto was made from four images from New Horizons' Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) combined with color data from the Ralph instrument in this enhanced color global view released on July 24, 2015. The images, taken when the spacecraft was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) away, show features as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers). REUTERS/NASA/JHUAPL/SwRI/Handout TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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